Feb 5th Advisory Board Meeting MOM Session -1

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The meeting started at 10 am. With a welcome by the Chairman G Sudhir. Prof Amitabh Kundu chaired the first session.

Prof Balasubramanian

44.6 lakh Muslims, unevenly distributed
12.7 per cent of population, Christians 1.3
Increased from 12.4 to 12.7…..concentrated in Ranga Reddy and Hyderabad
11 to 14. 2 from 1961 to 2011 – all over India
Urbanisation levels vary across districts
All religious groups have shown a decrease in fertility rates
Child sex ratio – much higher child sex ratio
Telangana generally doing better than the rest of the country
Projections of population….goes up to between 52.8 to 55.9 lakhs by 2026
Observed rate of growth is 1.47% per annum for Muslims

Comments
Why do the growth rates show fluctuations? Trend since 1991 is clear
Growth rates of Ranga Reddy and Hyderabad….latter has gone down significantly
1.97 to 0.29???
Ranga Reddy – population growth rate has gone up!!!
Also child sex ratios…explain the figures
The Doddekula muslims are not added….. Could that be the reason?
The Child woman ratio could be used

Prof R B Bhagat and Imtiyaz Ali

Why does migration happen?
Muslims receive twice as much remittance compared to non Muslims
Muslim expenditure on education and health is higher of the remittances
Why do Muslims migrate three times more than non Muslims do?

Prof Sayeedunnisa

Communicable and non communicable diseases
Prevalence is variable
The focus has always been on fertility differentials, health and mortality have been ignored
No data on mortality by religion
Muslim children nutritional status is better
Wasting, stunting and underweight children
Obesity among Muslim women
Anemia levels are also slightly higher than non Muslims
Blood pressure and blood sugar levels…higher
Epilepsy levels pretty high
Muslims seem to have better access and better outcomes in Telangana…important for us to understand why this happens and what Telangana has done.
Why do children fare better? Need some explanation
Amartya Sen’s argument – issues of the poor – Welfare economics gives weightage to not feeling happy/not being well. The cause is not given weightage…
Obesity and hunger seen with a similar lens

Prof Satya Shekhar

Anemia status
The composite index does not show much difference between communities
Huge improvement during the NHRM
C section rates are high
Health service utilization among Muslim women and children is higher

Are the differences statistically significant?
Is the difference purely because of the urban bias? We should look at the districts with rural populations more closely
The sanitation issue – does open defecation matter?
The need to look at rural and urban data separately
Categorise more…give SC/ST separately
All Hindus in one category will not show correct results

PANEL DISCUSSION

Prof Amit Bubna moderated the discussion. Prof Madhava Menon could not deliver his keynote address on account of some exigency.

Prof A K Shiva Kumar

The broader agenda of governance
Equality…..
The SDG 6 – universal access to affordable safe drinking water
Universal healthcare – what is the common understanding
Position of women in Telangana are not very good.
Literacy rate is low and age at marriage is low
58 percent of deliveries are C section – outrageous

Prof Suleman Siddiqi

Restrict myself to education
Osmania University ..drastic reduction in number of Muslims’ in both the Arts and the Science Colleges
The state of placements in various colleges is extremely poor
Industry is growing at a fast pace, however Muslims don’t find employment
UGC and the government have been setting up competitive coaching centers
Muslims absent from these coaching centres, even with them the results are abysmal
The University Industry hub….students good at theory, poor in practice
Recommend that the Telangana government should start incubation centres
Like the ICICI – Osmania MOU that set up incubation centres at 5 locations
PPPs like these for the Muslim students

Prof Faizan Mustafa

The issue of reservations
After the legal battles where the High court strikes down the reservations each time
The court asked for evidence on socio economic backwardness but the government could not produce even the Sachar Committee
The High Court was not supposed to go deeper into this issue, however it made this error
And refused religion based reservations
Data was available but insufficient
We must go beyond these figures
The COI must meet the legal challenge in arguing for affirmative action
Research what is happening in private minority unaided institutions
See what number of non Muslim students are admitted through management quota
Going against Article 30 of the Constitution
NALSAR has a domicile reservation
Rarely do we get Muslim students at NALSAR
Fee is high so only the elite benefits from these minority institutions
We need more aided minority institutions. Need more female oriented institutions
The DAV in Jalandhar justifies its reservations
The caste system among Muslims cannot be denied…identify these to be able to argue at the Backward Caste Commission
A GO during the undivided AP – that minority institutions will only admit minority students. However only the elite benefit.

There is a great deal of inequality. What is driving this inequality?
Historical reasons – unable to meet the requirements
All income poor face lack of access
Why do the Muslims get discriminated more?
The Commission should inquire this issue and analyze what is it in the Muslim identity that discriminates

Prof Amitabh Kundu
Muslim OBCs have higher level of poverty than non Muslim OBCs
Have we given enough evidence? Article 14…no discrimination
How come we give SC status to Sikhs and Buddhists?
West Bengal has made its case?
The Diversity Committee argued that withdrawal of the state from employment, educational and health sectors makes the public sector more and more irrelevant
We need a diversity index….private sector comes in with an incentive system that encourages diversity. Muslim OBCs need a sub quota.
One way to meet the religion based argument is to talk of the Diversity Index.

The Ashok Thakur case…there can be reservation in private educational institutions
Educate the private sector on what diversity means, its not only gender ratios.

The Indira Sahni case…where reservations should not exceed 50 per cent

What about CSR? Reputation did not make a difference till the Company Law was amended

Members present

• Prof Amit Bubna
• Prof Amitabh Kundu
• Prof Faizan Mustafa
• Prof Jeemol Kundu
• Prof A K Shiva Kumar
• Prof Sanjay Chintakindi
• P C Mohanan
• Prof Suleman Siddiqi
• Prof M Akhter Ali
• Prof Nilanjan Banik
• Prof Sheela Prasad

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